Strokes can affect the following areas of the brain: brain stem, cerebellum, limbic system, and cerebrum. Located at the base of the brain, the brain stem maintains basic life-supporting functions such as breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, and digestion. A major stroke in this part of the brain is usually fatal.How do strokes affect different parts of the brain?
Muscular system. A stroke normally effects one side of the brain . The left side of the brain controls the right side of the body and the right side of the brain controls the left side of the body. If there's a lot of damage to the left side of the brain, you may experience paralysis on the right side of the body.