Keyword Analysis & Research: dna synthesis

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What are the three things required for DNA synthesis?

for DNA Synthesis There are four basic components required to initiate and propagate DNA synthesis. They are: substrates, template, primer and enzymes.

What is true of the process of DNA synthesis?

DNA synthesis is defined as the process by which copies of nucleic acids are strung together to form a longer DNA sequence within a laboratory setting. DNA oligomers are the foundation of the DNA synthesis process. The essential feature of DNA synthesis is that no naturally isolated DNA is used.

What initiates synthesis of a new DNA strand?

DNA synthesis requires a primer usually made of RNA. A primase synthesizes the ribonucleotide primer ranging from 4 to 12 nucleotides in length. DNA polymerase then incorporates a dNMP onto the 3' end of the primer initiating leading strand synthesis. Only one primer is required for the initiation and propagation of leading strand synthesis.

Which enables DNA to be synthesize from RNA?

Ribonucleoside triphosphates (NTP's) are also required to initiate and sustain DNA synthesis. NTP's are used in the synthesis of RNA primers and ATP is used as an energy source for some of the enzymes needed to initiate and sustain DNA synthesis at the replication fork.

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