This arrangement of DNA strands is called antiparallel. The asymmetric ends of DNA strands are referred to as the5′ (five prime) and3′ (three prime) ends. One of the major differences between DNA and RNA is the sugar, with2-deoxyribose being replaced by the alternative pentose sugar ribose in RNA.How do you compare and contrast DNA and RNA?
DNA contains the sugar deoxyribose, while RNA contains the sugar ribose. The only difference between ribose and deoxyribose is that ribose has one more -OH group than deoxyribose, which has -H attached to the second (2') carbon in the ring. DNA is a double-stranded molecule while RNA is a single stranded molecule.What are the base pairs of DNA and RNA?
base pair. Any of the pairs of nucleotides connecting the complementary strands of a molecule of DNA or RNA and consisting of a purine linked to a pyrimidine by hydrogen bonds. The base pairs are adenine-thymine and guanine-cytosine in DNA, and adenine-uracil and guanine-cytosine in RNA or in hybrid DNA-RNA pairing.What is the function of DNA and RNA?
DNA and RNA perform different functions in humans. DNA is responsible for storing and transferring genetic information while RNA directly codes for amino acids and as acts as a messenger between DNA and ribosomes to make proteins.