Keyword Analysis & Research: dna vs rna chart

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is true of RNA compared to DNA?

DNA is a much longer polymer than RNA. A chromosome, for example, is a single, long DNA molecule, which would be several centimetres in length when unravelled. RNA molecules are variable in length, but much shorter than long DNA polymers. A large RNA molecule might only be a few thousand base pairs long.

What is the comparison of DNA and RNA?

The most obvious difference is that DNA is a double-stranded molecule, while RNA is single-stranded. DNA is also much longer than RNA. DNA uses deoxyribose, but RNA uses ribose, which has an extra hydroxyl group (OH−) tacked on. DNA and RNA also have nearly identical nitrogenous bases.

What is the difference between DNA or RNA?

Usually, DNA is a double-stranded molecule that forms a double helix, while RNA is a single stranded molecule. Rarely, DNA takes other forms, such as triple-strand DNA and quadraplex DNA. Similarly, double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) occurs in some viruses. DNA uses the bases adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine.

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