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Frequently Asked Questions

What are 3 major differences between DNA and RNA?

This arrangement of DNA strands is called antiparallel. The asymmetric ends of DNA strands are referred to as the5′ (five prime) and3′ (three prime) ends. One of the major differences between DNA and RNA is the sugar, with2-deoxyribose being replaced by the alternative pentose sugar ribose in RNA.

What are the steps of DNA to RNA?

There are three main steps to the process of DNA transcription: RNA Polymerase Binds to DNA. DNA is transcribed by an enzyme called RNA polymerase. Specific nucleotide sequences tell RNA polymerase where to begin and where to end. RNA polymerase attaches to the DNA at a specific area called the promoter region.

What is the function of DNA and RNA?

DNA and RNA perform different functions in humans. DNA is responsible for storing and transferring genetic information while RNA directly codes for amino acids and as acts as a messenger between DNA and ribosomes to make proteins.

What is the comparison of DNA and RNA?

DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid, while RNA is ribonucleic acid. Although DNA and RNA both carry genetic information, there are quite a few differences between them. This is a comparison of the differences between DNA versus RNA, including a quick summary and a detailed table of the differences.

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