Keyword Analysis & Research: dna vs rna notes

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between DNA and RNA nucleotide?

A DNA nucleotide contains deoxyribose sugar, whereas an RNA contains the sugar ribose in every nucleotide. The nitrogenous bases in DNA can be adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine. Unlike DNA, RNA contains a uracil nitrogenous base instead of thymine.

What does RNA contain that DNA does not?

RNA contains the sugar ribose, phosphates, and the nitrogenous bases adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and uracil (U). DNA and RNA share the nitrogenous bases A, G, and C. Thymine is usually only present in DNA and uracil is usually only present in RNA.

What is the difference between DNA and RNA sugar?

DNA uses the sugar deoxyribose, while RNA uses the sugar ribose. The difference between deoxyribose and ribose is that deoxyribose has a hydrogen (-H) attached to the second (2′) carbon of the sugar ring, while ribose has a hydroxyl group (-OH) attached to this carbon.

What is the difference between DNA and RNA base pairing?

Summary of Differences Between DNA and RNA. DNA and RNA base pairing is slightly different since DNA uses the bases adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine; RNA uses adenine, uracil, cytosine, and guanine. Uracil differs from thymine in that it lacks a methyl group on its ring.


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