A faqīh (plural fuqahā, Arabic: فقيه, pl. فقهاء ) is an Islamic jurist, an expert in fiqh, or Islamic jurisprudence and Islamic Law .What does Wilayat al-Faqih mean?
The Meaning of Wilayat al-Faqih. The words “Wali” and “Wilayat” have the same root (w-l-y). From it’s primary meaning of “to be near or close to someone or something”, is derived the general meanings “to be in charge”, “to govern” and “to exercise authority”.What are the conditions for being a faqih?
Conditions for being a faqīh. The faqīh is one who has fulfilled the conditions for Ijtihad either in their entirety or in piecemeal. In the Sunni point of view it is generally held that there are either no (or very few) Jurists or Fuqaha that have reached the level of Mujtahid Mutlaq in our day and age.What is the meaning of fiqh?
The historian Ibn Khaldun describes fiqh as "knowledge of the rules of God which concern the actions of persons who own themselves bound to obey the law respecting what is required ( wajib ), sinful ( haraam ), recommended ( mandūb ), disapproved ( makrūh) or neutral ( mubah )". This definition is consistent amongst the jurists.