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Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) are at the heart of the Paris Agreement and the achievement of these long-term goals. NDCs embody efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change.What is Indonesia’s NDC and how will it be implemented?
In its NDC under the Paris Agreement, Indonesia pledged a 29% reduction against the same baseline by 2030. To achieve these reductions, the government identified three key areas; land and forestry management, energy development and conservation, and waste management.Who is responsible for achieving Indonesia’s climate targets?
Of the 41% conditional target, the KLHK is responsible for 23% and the ESDM is responsible for 14%. Additionally, in the transition from the INDC to NDC, Indonesia put greater emphasis on resiliency and adaptation to climate change. Indonesia provided a more thorough documentation of the five sectors responsible for achieving targets.How much of Indonesia’s emissions are actually coming from renewable sources?
The Indonesian government has estimated emissions from these sources at 63%. In 2016, the responsibility of emissions reductions shifted.