Keyword Analysis & Research: radiation cancer treatment definition

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What is radiation therapy and how is it used to treat cancer?

Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy) is a cancer treatment that uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. At low doses, radiation is used in x-rays to see inside your body, as with x-rays of your teeth or broken bones. At high doses, radiation therapy kills cancer cells or slows their growth by damaging their DNA.

What are the pros and cons of radiation treatment?

Cons To Brachytherapy (Internal Radiation Therapy) Pain or swelling in the area between anus and scrotum for some time after treatment. May be forced to stay away from children and pregnant women due to the internal radiation. May be forced to strain urine in case of pellets moving.

What types of cancer requires radiation?

For patients with advanced basal or squamous cell carcinomas, radiation may be used after surgery to help ensure that the cancerous cells have been killed. In patients with melanoma, radiation is mostly used for those with metastatic disease, meaning cancer that has spread from the skin to other parts of the body.

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