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What are facts about RNA?

Learn important facts about ribonucleic acid. Here are 10 interesting and fun facts about RNA. Each RNA nucleotide consists of a nitrogenous base, a ribose sugar, and a phosphate. Each RNA molecule typically is a single strand, consisting of a relatively short chain of nucleotides. RNA can be shaped like a single helix, a straight molecule,...

What does RNA stand for?

RNA, abbreviation of ribonucleic acid, complex compound of high molecular weight that functions in cellular protein synthesis and replaces DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) as a carrier of genetic codes in some viruses.

What exactly does the RNA do?

Most RNAs function in an information carrying and/or processing mode in the cell. The overall information processes of the cell are given in the Central Dogma of Molecular Biology: DNA makes RNA makes Protein. RNA is involved as a carrier of information, and as a catalyst for the synthesis of the peptide bond.

What are viruses that contain RNA called?

Viruses that contain RNA as their genetic information are called RNA viruses, and of this family, Hepatitis C is a prime example. RNA viruses have similar shapes and perform similar functions as other types of viruses, but they store their critical reproductive information in RNA strands.

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