**Heat equation - Wikipedia**
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heat_equation

Statement of the equation. In mathematics, if given an open subset U of R n and a subinterval I of R, one says that a function u : U × I → R is a solution of the heat equation if = + +, where (x 1, …, x n, t) denotes a general point of the domain. It is typical to refer to t as "time" and x 1, …, x n as "spatial variables," even in abstract contexts where these phrases fail to have ...

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